Akomanga (Classroom)

Tūāhua-Statives

Last week we were re-united with tūāhua. Here is some explanation and a link below to tōku reo for some whakaharatau.

1. Stative verbs in Māori are words that indicate a state, condition or quality (rather than an activity or an event-adjectives used as verbs). 

2. These stative verbs are recognized by their translation of to be something’ to be in a state.  They are verbs showing a completed condition.

3. Stative verbs are not something you work out by the context of a story. They are something you must know and recognise (there are heaps of them). 

4. The structure of stative verbs in sentences is similar to passives in that you don’t use the i/ki as object markers.


5. The ‘i’ in this sentence indicates what is responsible for the state or condition. (“i”= by/with)

6. Statives can be used with the following sentence starters – Kua, ka and I. They cannot be used with the following sentence starters 
 kei te or I te.

Kua mahue te tamaiti i te pahi.
The boy was left behind by the bus.

           tūāhua
To be
tūāhua
To be
pau
Used up
mate
dead
ea
Avenged/paid for
mutu
ended
struck
mau
caught
makona
satisfied
mātaotao
cold
pōnānā
Anxious/hurried
mahue
Left behind
tata
Be close/near
ngaro
Missing/gone
full
oti
completed
tu
wounded
pakaru
broken
rupeke
assembled
tūreti
late
marū
Bruised/crushed
wareware
forgotten
motu
severed
whara
struck
marara
scattered
riro
taken

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